Though Albert Einstein keeps getting praised as a genius for coming up with the principle of Mass-Energy Equivalence, his famous formula was actually created by British physicist Oliver Heaviside and independently by another physicist, an Italian named Olinto de Pretto.
The equation E=mc^2 was formulated and published by Olinto De Pretto 2 years before Einstein plagiarized it and several years before that by Oliver Heaviside.
Oliver Heaviside was a polymath genius: he was an electrical engineer, mathematician, and physicist and he made other discoveries, such as:
Heaviside Cover-Up Method - is one possible approach in determining the coefficients when performing the partial-fraction expansion of a rational function.
Heaviside Step Function - is a step function, named after Oliver Heaviside, the value of which is zero for negative arguments and one for positive arguments. It is an example of the general class of step functions, all of which can be represented as linear combinations of translations of this one. It is used to mathematically describe the behavior of switching devices such as electro-mechanical relays, vacuum tubes, and transistors when they operate on digital signals and approximations to the Heaviside step function are of use in biochemistry and neuroscience, where logistic approximations of step functions (such as the Hill and the Michaelis–Menten equations) may be used to approximate binary cellular switches in response to chemical signals.
Differential Operators - is an operator defined as a function of the differentiation operator. Differentiation is an abstract operation that accepts a function and returns another function (in the style of a higher-order function in computer science).
Vector Analysis - is concerned with differentiation and integration of vector fields, primarily in 3-dimensional Euclidean space.
Kennelly–Heaviside Layer - is a layer of ionized gas occurring roughly between 90km and 150 km above the ground and is one of several layers in the Earth's ionosphere. It is also known as the E region and it reflects medium-frequency radio waves.
Reactance - is the resistance to the flow of current caused by capacitors and inductors when they are running on alternating current. When an alternating current goes into a capacitor, the capacitor charges, and when it is shut off, the capacitor discharges the current that it has stored, causing the current coming from the capacitor to interfere with the input alternating current when it is turned back on and this is called capacitive reactance. When the alternating current goes into an inductor, the inductor generates a magnetic field, and when it is shut off, the inductor's magnetic field collapses because there is no more current to force the electrons in the induction coil to align their spins and orbits to generate the magnetism and this causes the collapsing magnetic field to return the energy of the circulating photons back into the induction coil, forcing the electrons in the coil to move, generating a reverse current that interferes with the input alternating current when it is turned back on and this is called inductive reactance.
Heaviside Condition - is the condition an electrical transmission line must meet in order for there to be no distortion of a transmitted signal. Also known as the distortionless condition, it can be used to improve the performance of a transmission line by adding loading to the cable.
Coaxial Cable - is a cable used for transmitting television and later internet signals. It is comprised of a wire surrounded by an insulator and then a layer of conductive metal fiber that acts as the secondary wire. The central wire is connected to a narrow cylindrical jack while the layer of metal fibers are connected to a conductive metal socket.
Telegraph Equations - are a pair of coupled, linear partial differential equations that describe the voltage and current on an electrical transmission line with distance and time. These equations demonstrate that electromagnetic waves can be reflected on a wire, and that wave patterns can form along power lines.
Olinto De Pretto was also wealthy since he ran a foundry mill for the rest of his life and this became his main source of income.
Olinto De Pretto was also a polymath genius: he was an agricultural scientist, industrialist, geologist and physicist and he made other discoveries, such as:
Invented soil chemistry analysis
Discovered the effects of mountain formation on glacier development
Proved that radioactive decay, using uranium and thorium as examples, is evidence of mass-energy equivalence
Proved that the heat assumed to be in the center of the Earth is caused by intense pressure placed on its core by its tremendous mass and the heat it absorbs from solar radiation
Additionally, the discovery of atoms and subatomic particles that gave rise to quantum physics were made by White scientists from the UK and USA.
Below is a list of these discoveries:
Atom - discovered by British scientist John Dalton in 1808.
Electron - discovered by British scientist Joseph John Thomson in 1897.
Proton - discovered by British scientist Ernest Rutherford in 1919.
Neutron - discovered by British scientist James Chadwick in 1932.
Photon - discovered by American scientist Arthur Compton in 1923.
Mass Spectrometer - used to detect subatomic particles, this device was invented by British scientist Joseph John Thomson in 1907.
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