'Chesty" Puller's son

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PhuBai68
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'Chesty" Puller's son

Post by PhuBai68 » Sun Dec 06, 2020 1:53 pm

Lewis Puller, Jr had some very large boots to fill.
Another rarely heard of tragedy of the Vietnam war.
RIP Marine.


US Marine 2nd Lt. Lewis Puller, Jr. (1945-1994) deployed to South Vietnam in 1968 with 2nd Battalion, 1st Marine Division (Reinforced), FMF, as an infantry platoon leader.
On 11 October 1968 Lt. Puller and Marines assigned to Company G were airlifted by helicopter to a village near Viem Dong in Quang Nam Province to establish a blocking position, for a search and destroy operation.
As soon as his Marines hit the ground Puller deployed his Marines in an advantageous position. He disregarded the danger of being ambushed by elements of the North Vietnamese Army and led his Marines across hazardous terrain to quickly established contact with his company commander and the remainder of the company. As he neared the company command group, he inadvertently detonated an enemy mine that was concealed in the grass and fell seriously wounded.
Ignoring the intense pain, he directed another Marine to assume command, giving him detailed instructions to carry on the mission.
He continued to be alert and spoke with his litter bearers while being carried to the landing zone.
The mine caused the loss of his right leg at the hip, his left leg above the knee, all of the fingers on his right hand and most of his fingers on his left hand in the explosion. The mine riddled his body with shrapnel, lingering for days, his weight dropped to 55 pounds.
He later recalled that the first time his legendary father, Marine Lt. Gen. Lewis “Chesty” Puller saw him in the hospital. He described how his father broke down weeping, which hurt him more than any of his physical injuries.
As a result of the battle he was awarded a Silver Star.
He would later receive a juris doctorate degree and a Pulitzer Prize for his autobiography, “Fortunate Son.”
In 1991 he separated from his wife and lost a 13-year-battle with alcoholism, that he kept at bay for years.
He struggled later in life due to an addiction to painkillers, as a result of his injuries.
In 1994 he died from a self-inflicted gunshot.
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Re: 'Chesty" Puller's son

Post by PhuBai68 » Mon Dec 07, 2020 4:46 pm

Lewis Burwell "Chesty" Puller (June 26, 1898 – October 11, 1971) served as a United States Marine Corps officer. Beginning his career fighting guerillas in Haiti and Nicaragua as part of the Banana Wars, he later served with distinction in World War II and the Korean War as a senior officer. By the time of his retirement in 1955, he had reached the rank of lieutenant general.

Puller is the most decorated Marine in American history. He is one of two United States servicemen to be awarded five Navy Crosses and one Army Distinguished Service Cross. Puller's six crosses are next in number to the seven times Eddie Rickenbacker received the nation's second-highest military award for valor.

Puller retired from the Marine Corps in 1955, after 37 years of service. He lived in Virginia and died in 1971, at age 73.

Puller was born in West Point, Virginia, to Matthew and Martha Puller. Puller was of English ancestry, his earliest ancestors who came to America emigrated to the colony of Virginia from Bedfordshire, England in 1621. His father was a grocer who died when Lewis was 10 years old. Puller grew up listening to old veterans' tales of the American Civil War and idolizing Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson. He wanted to enlist in the United States Army to fight in the Border War with Mexico in 1916, but he was too young and could not get parental consent from his mother.

The following year, Puller attended the Virginia Military Institute but left in August 1918 as World War I was still ongoing, saying that he wanted to "go where the guns are!" Inspired by the 5th Marines at Belleau Wood, he enlisted in the United States Marine Corps as a private and attended boot camp at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina.

Although he never saw action in that war, the Marine Corps was expanding, and soon after graduating he attended its non-commissioned officer school and Officer Candidates School (OCS) at Quantico, Virginia, following that. Graduating from OCS on June 16, 1919, Puller was appointed a second lieutenant in the reserves, but the reduction in force from 73,000 to 1,100 officers and 27,400 men following the war led to his being put on inactive status 10 days later and given the rank of corporal.

United States occupation of Haiti
Corporal Puller received orders to serve in the Gendarmerie d'Haiti as a lieutenant, seeing action in Haiti. While the United States was working under a treaty with Haiti, he participated in over forty engagements during the ensuing five years against the Caco rebels and attempted to regain his commission as an officer twice. In 1922, he served as an adjutant to Major Alexander Vandegrift, a future Commandant of the Marine Corps.

Supply Run
Puller received orders to deliver supplies to Mirebalais and Las Cahobas. These two small towns were located in a region where there was a significant presence of Caco guerrillas under the command of Benoît Batraville who was a high ranking enemy insurgent leader, which posed a risk of being ambushed by the Cacos. Puller and twenty-five accompanying Haitian Gendarmes mounted on horses plus pack animals departed. Puller kept his force moving rapidly to avoid risking an ambush or night attack by the Caco. Later on, the small force of Gendarmes led by Puller ran in to an equally surprised column of about one hundred cacos coming from the opposite direction around a bend in the road. Puller leading by example ordered a charge and spurred his horse forward to attack the Cacos. Puller's fellow Gendarmes loyally charged beside him and scattered the Cacos. As usual with the guerrilla like tactics of the Cacos, they seldom stood their ground if attacked by a superior force and scattered in different directions. The Cacos fired a handful of shots at the onrushing American-led Gendarmes and then dispersed in different direction to make pursuit more difficult. With the burden of the pack mules, Puller could not pursue the evasive Cacos. After the clash ended, one dead Caco bandit was found. This skirmish which was Puller's first engagement in the Haiti showed his adeptness at aggressive action and effective leadership from the front. Puller and his force of Gendarmes reached Mirebalais and delivered the supplies needed by the town. The next day, Puller made the thirty-four hour round trip to Las Cahobas and delivered the final supplies. Finally, Puller returned to Port-au-Prince completing his supply run.

Ambushing the Cacos
Puller was assigned a new duty to begin offensive operations against the Cacos. Puller inherited a force of one hundred Gendarmes who were supported unofficially by about the same number of female camp followers. Puller's assigned chief assistant was Acting Second Lieutenant Augustin B. Brunot, a Haitain who was fluent in English. Other loyal pro-American Haitians added to Puller's force was a man named Lyautey. And another Haitian private named Cermontout Jean Louis whom Puller recruited after observing Jean Louis return from a successful patrol with the severed heads of two Cacos bandits. Brunot and Lyautey advised Puller with ideas and suggestions on how to better combat the Cacos insurgents. Brunot and Lyautey advised Puller that daylight patrols or marches had little to no chance of encountering the elusive Cacos who hid during the day. The Cacos would only reveal themselves in the daytime to ambush government patrols if the Cacos had larger numbers. If the Cacos had small numbers, they would just hide. They also mentioned that chance encounters such as Puller's supply run were rare because the Cacos knew the terrain and had good intelligence of constabulary activities. Brunot and Lyautey also lectured to Puller that Cacos encamped at night, and that night patrols would have a better chance of surprising the Cacos. Puller took these lessons advised by Brunot and Lyautey into great consideration and came up with better tactics to fight the Cacos. Later, Puller led a patrol of Gendarmes including Lyautey and Brunot at night. Puller and his unit patrolled along a ridge-top trail one night, he observed campfires and heard drums nearby. Puller with Lyautey and some Gendarmes crept forward to scout the area. Brunot remained with the rest of the Gendarmes. Puller and his scouts discovered it was a Cacos guerrilla encampment. The Cacos were celebrating and having a party. Perhaps the Cacos were having a party over some accomplishment of a victory. Puller and his scouts crept back to the rest of the Gendarmes force after observing the celebrating Cacos from a safe secret distance. Puller came up with a plan to ambush the Cacos at dawn. Puller placed the main body of men in a line facing the bandit camp and sent the smaller crews with three Lewis machine guns to the flank in a position where they covered the enemy rear. It was basically a L-shaped ambush. "They will run after the first firing," Puller told Lyautey,"and they'll run right into our field of fire." Lyautey approved of Puller's plan of ambush. After Puller's force of Gendarmes got into position, Puller executed his L-shaped ambush. As Puller predicted, when then main body of men opened fire at first light the surprised Cacos bandits fled away from the source of immediate danger and rain unwittingly into the fields of fire of the machine guns. The last Caco was dead or gone within minutes. Puller's victorious Gendarmes had killed seventeen Cacos bandits. Dozens of machetes and a large flock of gamecocks were found. Puller and his Gendarmes celebrated their victory and feasted on abandoned supplies like rice, chicken, and other beverages while also having the game cocks fight each other in tournaments. Puller would later on participate in more patrols as he gained experience and learned the peculiarities of small wars.

Further operations against the Cacos,October-November 1919
Puller would conduct more offensive operations to suppress the Cacos. On October 28, 1919, Puller went on a patrol with Augustin B. Brunot and a mixed force of fifteen American Marines and Gendarmes. They would stay out ten days, at which time another group would relieve them. The unit, using night movements, made contact on October 31st with a small band, killing two of the enemy and capturing four rifles, several machetes, and some swords. On November 1st, they arrested three suspect bandits.

Infiltrating and raiding a Cacos camp, November 4, 1919
In the afternoon of November 4, 1919. Puller and his men entered a small village of grass shacks ten miles west of Mirebalais. A priest told Brunot that a high ranking Cacos insurgent leader named Dominique Georges had a camp about fifteen miles distant. He and his men decided to take this opportunity to kill or capture Dominique Georges. Despite heavy rain, Puller took a small patrol of Marines and Gendarmes out immediately. Puller, Second Lieutenant Augustin B. Brunot, and Private Cermontout Jean Louis scouted out ahead of the small column during the night when they came upon the remains of a bonfire drowned out by rain. This indicated a bandit guard post. And then a Cacos sentry with a rifle challenged Puller and his loyal Haitian companions. But the Cacos sentry could not see them clearly as it was very dark and his bonfire was put out by the rain. The guard could only hear them. The guard asked them who they were. With clever deception, Brunot replied in his Haitain accent "Cacos" tricking the enemy guard into thinking they were fellow Cacos. The guard let them through. Puller, Brunot, and Jean Louis were able to infiltrate the Cacos camp and came upon a clearing with many huts and lean-tos. Puller and Jean Louis took firing positions on the ground after Puller sent Brunot to gather the rest of the patrol to assault the camp. Puller aimed his rifle at a man he later believed was Georges, but waited for the main attack instead of firing, a decision he soon regretted. A caco approached the two prone figures and demanded to know who they were, Puller having no other choice as they were discovered shot the Caco and the battle started. The marines and gendarmes rushed forward, but the estimated two hundred cacos scattered according to their usual practice. Puller and Jean Louis fired as fast as they could at fleeing figures in the dripping darkness. After the government forces had possession of the camp, they found one dead cacos lying on the ground. Puller's patrol took twenty seven rifles, swords, and machetes, and several dozen game cocks. Among the booty was George's personal rifle identified by his initials in the stock. Puller and his patrol spent the night at the camp and then withdrew safely back to their base at Mirebalais.

Patrol and Raid, November 9, 1919
On November 9, Puller and Augustin B. Brunot led out a force of thirty-three Gendarmes on a patrol. Just prior to dawn they located a camp and attacked it. This time Puller and his fellow Gendarmes killed ten Cacos insurgents and captured two rifles. After the raid of the Cacos camp,Puller's patrol safely withdrew by taking a circuitous route back to Mirebalais where they fell into garrison routine for a few days.

Further patrol operations
After the successful assassination of Charlemagne Péralte by Herman H. Hanneken in a raid. Another Haitian Benoît Batraville becomes the next leader of the Cacos. Puller and Augustin B. Brunot each took a part of the company out on a patrol. Augustin B. Brunot spotted a Caco force that turned out to be Batraville's. But before Brunot could get his force into position for an attack. The Cacos broke camp and melted away. Puller had slightly better luck, making contact that resulted in two Cacos killed and sixteen captured.

Ending of the fighting in Haiti
The Cacos rebellion collapsed altogether when a Marine patrol killed Benoit Batraville on May 19, 1920. A month later, the last significant Caco leader turned himself in. More patrols by the Gendarmes and American marines in the following year killed further eighty-five Caco bandits. Later on in September 1920, Herman H. Hanneken penetrated a Caco camp in disguise arrested five chiefs while killing another. By June 1921, it was declared by a government military commander "that the country is completely tranquil."

Return to the United States
Puller returned stateside and was finally recommissioned as a second lieutenant on March 6, 1924 (Service No. 03158), afterward completing assignments at the Marine barracks in Norfolk, Virginia, The Basic School in Quantico, Virginia, and with the 10th Marine Artillery Regiment in Quantico, Virginia. He was assigned to the Marine barracks at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in July 1926 and in San Diego, California, in 1928.
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Re: 'Chesty" Puller's son

Post by PhuBai68 » Mon Dec 07, 2020 4:50 pm

Lewis Burwell "Chesty" Puller

United States occupation of Nicaragua
In December 1928, Puller was assigned to the Nicaraguan National Guard detachment, where he was awarded his first Navy Cross for his actions from February 16 to August 19, 1930, when he led "five successive engagements against superior numbers of armed bandit forces." He returned stateside in July 1931 and completed the year-long Company Officers Course at Fort Benning, Georgia, thereafter returning to Nicaragua from September 20 to October 1, 1932, and was awarded a second Navy Cross. Puller led American Marines and Nicaraguan National Guardsmen into battle against Sandinista rebels in the last major engagement of the Sandino Rebellion near El Sauce on December 26, 1932.

Patrolling, June 4-6, 1930
After Puller inherited command of Nicaraguan Guardia Nacional called Company M. He was prepared to conduct operations against the Sandinista rebels.Puller immediately departed on a patrol. Puller moved eastward for a five day sweep, but soon received orders to head northeast. The patrol moved by day and camped each night in a village. In the afternoon of June 4th, the company was at San Antonio cooking a steer in preparation for a trek into the uninhabited area around Mt. Kilande. After hearing some gunshots to the north, Puller sent thirteen men of the Guardia to investigate. A thousand yards beyond the town. The Guardia encountered six bandits who may have been Sandinista rebels and a fire fight occurred. The Guardia killed one bandit while the other five fled. The dead bandit was well armed with a springfield rifle, Colt revolver, and plenty of ammunition. On June 6, the patrol moved toward the village Los Cedros when it encountered an equally surprised force of Sandinistas who were on top of a brush covered hill that sloped about 175 yards down to the trail. The Sandinistas opened fire on the patrol and the patrol returned fire. Without hesitation, Puller dashed up the rise while yelling his men to charge. Puller's men joined in the attack and fired their weapons while charging the enemy position. Puller and his Guardia were able to avoid being hit by small arms fire and crude improvised grenades thrown by the rebels. After rebels were routed and fled. Puller and his men realized they stumbled onto an insurgent camp. Seven dead rebel bodies were found and Puller's force suffered no casualties. Puller's patrol found two rifles, one pistol, and ten machetes. They also found rosters and papers found in the rebel camp. The papers revealed that two of the seven dead rebels were leaders of the group. After that, Puller's company returned to Jinotega.

Further operations, June 12-July 12, 1930
Puller departed on a new patrol on the June 12. Puller's patrol searched fruitlessly and found nothing. Puller and his men arrived back at their base at June 20th. At June 24th, Puller, William "Ironman" Lee, and their men joined forces with another government patrol of thirty men under the command of Lieutenant M.K. Chenoweth. Together the combined American-Nicaraguan force left Jinotega. At Santa Fe, Puller picked up an additional fifteen Guardias. After patrolling, Puller's men had encountered lone bandits on two occasions and killed them both. Puller's large group operated for nearly two more weeks, often split into two patrols with one following the other at a distance. Finally, the reinforced unit finally returned to base on July 12.

Attempted ambush against the rebels, further pursuit, and raiding a rebel camp, November 6-27, 1930
Puller and his Company M went out on a patrol again on November 6, 1930.Puller, William A. Lee, and twenty-one men left Jinetoga to search for the enemy. The patrol picked up a trail of about thirty bandits who were pillaging small ranches near Santa Isabel. Puller's patrol caught sight of the enemy at 9:00 A.M. on November 19 pursuing them for three miles, and wounding at least one of them. Puller's patrol decided to surprise the bandits. The patrol set up an ambush hiding themselves along a trail when a manager of a local finca spotted them and walked up to them to provide them information on a rebel band. With the ambush compromised by the finca manager, the patrol moved on. Puller's patrol reported into Corinto Finca on November 20 for supplies and pack animals, then left on the same day to check out a report of a rebel concentration near Mt. Guapinol. Puller and his patrol struggled through heavy rains, muddy trails, and flooded rivers. On the morning of the 25th of November, the patrol came across a bandit trail. The Guardia under Puller followed this trail and at 10:30 A.M., the point sighted about ten rebels amongst some fallen trees. Puller's men opened fire and the enemy fled. Further along the trail, the pursuers came upon the rebel camp which had four buildings with log barricades in front and a hundred-foot cliff in the rear. There were at least forty or so rebels who fought briefly. Then the rebels threw their belongings and three wounded men into the ravine and then clambered down on ropes and ladders, which they pulled down after themselves. By the time some of the Guardia worked their way down into the draw the enemy had disappeared. Puller's patrol found two dead bandits and some supplies. Puller was certain that the three wounded bandits who had gone over the cliff had died. Puller's force captured documents which showed that one of their previous operations in August 19, 1930 wounded a minor chief of the rebels. After raiding this rebel camp, Puller's unit withdrew and returned to Jinotega on November 27 after three weeks of hard patrolling.

Patrol and Raid against the rebels September 20-26, 1932
Main article: Battle of Agua Carta
Puller discovered a trail which seemed to be used by rebels. Puller along with William "Ironman" Lee gathered 40 Guardia Nacional members for a raid like patrol against the rebels. Puller, Lee, and the Guardia left on September 20. After traveling a long distance, the patrol came by the northwest from the bank of Auyabal river. On September 26, Puller's patrol was ambushed by the rebels. Lee used a Lewis machine gun to keep the enemy pinned down while the Guardia Nacional worked their way up the slope opposite the rebel ambush party. When they gained the crest, they were able to fire directly into the rebel emplacements. Puller's men penetrated the center of a rebel encampment, killing at least 16 rebels. Of Puller's force, two men were killed and four wounded. In order to obtain medical care for the wounded, Puller immediately withdrew back to Jinotega. During the Puller's withdrawal, his patrol was ambushed twice. But Puller's patrol suffered no more casualties and fought off the ambushers. Puller's Guardia killed at least eight more rebels. Puller's force arrived back at Jinotega on September 30 after their raid on the rebel encampment.

Final battle in Nicaragua 26 December 1932
Main article: Battle of El Sauce
There were rumors that Sandinista rebels were planning an attack on a ceremony that was going to commemorate the completion of the León-El Sauce railway. So an expedition of eight American marines and 64 Nicaraguan National Guardsmen led by Puller were sent to El Sauce on the 26 December 1932. As Puller's force of American marines and Nicaraguan national guard were traveling some distance in their train to their destination, they were ambushed by the rebels from both sides of the tracks. Puller and William A. Lee quickly with their troops immediately engaged the rebel ambushers. After a firefight of one hour and ten minutes, the Marines and National guard were able to drive off the rebels. Puller's victorious force had suffered three dead and three wounded for the National guard. While the rebels suffered thirty one killed and lost 63 live horses to capture by Puller's force. The ceremony went on as planned two days later while Puller and Lee got promoted.

Aftermath
After his service in Nicaragua, Puller was assigned to the Marine detachment at the American Legation in Beijing, China, commanding a unit of China Marines. He then went on to serve aboard USS Augusta, a cruiser in the Asiatic Fleet, which was commanded by then-Captain Chester W. Nimitz. Puller returned to the States in June 1936 as an instructor at The Basic School in Philadelphia, where he trained Ben Robertshaw, Pappy Boyington, and Lew Walt.

In May 1939, he returned to the Augusta as commander of the on-board Marine detachment, and then back to China, disembarking in Shanghai in May 1940 to serve as the executive officer and commanding officer of 2nd Battalion, 4th Marines (2/4) until August 1941. Major Puller returned to the U.S. on August 28, 1941. After a short leave, he was given command of 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (1/7) of the 1st Marine Division, stationed at New River, North Carolina (later Camp Lejeune).
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Re: 'Chesty" Puller's son

Post by PhuBai68 » Mon Dec 07, 2020 4:58 pm

more "Chesty"

World War II
Early in the Pacific theater, the 7th Marines formed the nucleus of the newly created 3rd Marine Brigade and arrived to defend Samoa on May 8, 1942. Later they were redeployed from the brigade and on September 4, 1942, they left Samoa and rejoined the 1st Marine Division at Guadalcanal on September 18, 1942.

Soon after arriving on Guadalcanal, Lt. Col. Puller led his battalion in a fierce action along the Matanikau, in which Puller's quick thinking saved three of his companies from annihilation. In the action, these companies were surrounded and cut off by a larger Japanese force. Puller ran to the shore, signaled a United States Navy destroyer, the USS Ballard, and then Puller directed the destroyer to provide fire support while landing craft rescued his Marines from their precariousposition. U.S. Coast Guard Signalman First Class Douglas Albert Munro—Officer-in-Charge of the group of landing craft, was killed while providing covering fire from his landing craft for the Marines as they evacuated the beach and was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for the action, to date the only Coast Guardsman to receive the decoration. Puller, for his actions, was awarded the Bronze Star Medal with Combat "V".

Later on Guadalcanal, Puller was awarded his third Navy Cross, in what was later known as the "Battle for Henderson Field". Puller commanded 1st Battalion 7th Marines (1/7), one of two American infantry units defending the airfield against a regiment-strength Japanese force. The 3rd Battalion of the U.S. Army's 164th Infantry Regiment (3/164) fought alongside the Marines. In a firefight on the night of October 24–25, 1942, lasting about three hours, 1/7 and 3/164 sustained 70 casualties; the Japanese force suffered over 1,400 killed in action, and the Americans held the airfield. He nominated two of his men (one being Sgt. John Basilone) for Medals of Honor. He was wounded himself on November 9.

Puller was then made executive officer of the 7th Marine Regiment. While serving in this capacity at the Battle of Cape Gloucester, Puller was awarded his fourth Navy Cross for overall performance of duty between December 26, 1943, and January 19, 1944. During this time, when the battalion commanders of 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines (3/7) and later, 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines (3/5), were under heavy machine gun and mortar fire, he expertly reorganized the battalion and led the successful attack against heavily fortified Japanese defensive positions. He was promoted to colonel effective February 1, 1944, and by the end of the month had been named commander of the 1st Marine Regiment. In September and October 1944, Puller led the 1st Marine Regiment into the protracted battle on Peleliu, one of the bloodiest battles in Marine Corps history, and received his first of two Legion of Merit awards. The 1st Marines under Puller's command lost 1,749 out of approximately 3,000 men, but these losses did not stop Puller from ordering frontal assaults against the well-entrenched enemy. The corps commander had to order the 1st Marine Division commanding general to pull the annihilated 1st Marine Regiment out of the line.

During the summer of 1944, Puller's younger brother, Samuel D. Puller, the executive officer of the 4th Marine Regiment, was killed by an enemy sniper on Guam.

Puller returned to the United States in November 1944, was named executive officer of the Infantry Training Regiment at Camp Lejeune and, two weeks later, commanding officer. After the war, he was made director of the 8th Reserve District at New Orleans, and later commanded the Marine barracks at Pearl Harbor.

Korean War
At the outbreak of the Korean War, Puller was once again assigned as commander of the First Marine Regiment. He participated in the landing at Inchon on September 15, 1950, and was awarded the Silver Star Medal." For leadership from September 15 through November 2, he was awarded his second Legion of Merit. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross from the U.S. Army for heroism in action from November 29 to December 4, and his fifth Navy Cross for heroism during December 5–10, 1950, at the Battle of Chosin Reservoir. It was during that battle that he said the famous line, "We've been looking for the enemy for some time now. We've finally found him. We're surrounded. That simplifies things".

In January 1951, Puller was promoted to brigadier general and was assigned duty as assistant division commander (ADC) of the 1st Marine Division. On February 24, however, his immediate superior, Major General O.P. Smith, was hastily transferred to command IX Corps when its Army commander, Major General Bryant Moore, died. Smith's transfer left Puller temporarily in command of the 1st Marine Division until sometime in March. He completed his tour of duty as assistant commander and left for the United States on May 20, 1951. He took command of the 3rd Marine Division at Camp Pendleton, California until January 1952, and then was assistant commander of the division until June 1952. He then took over Troop Training Unit Pacific at Coronado, California. In September 1953, he was promoted to major general.


Post-Korean War
In July 1954, Puller took command of the 2nd Marine Division at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina until February 1955 when he became Deputy Camp Commander. He suffered a stroke, and was retired by the Marine Corps on November 1, 1955, with a promotion to lieutenant general.

Regarding his nickname, in a handwritten addition to a typed 22 November 1954 letter to Major Frank C. Sheppard, Puller wrote, "I agree with you 100%. I had done a little soldiering previous to Guadalcanal and had been called a lot of names, but why 'Chesty'? Especially the steel part??"
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